Monday, January 12, 2015

History of sickness and medical art 29 : China 4

病と医術の歴史 29: 中国 4


< 1. Acupuncture >
< 1. 針治療 >

I reopen this serialization after a long absence.
It carries on from “ History of sickness and medical art 26,27,28China 1,2,3 “

「病と医術の歴史 26,27,28: 中国 1,2,3 」の続きです。


< 2.  Tortoiseshell >
< 2. 亀甲 >


Medicine man ascertained the cause of sickness by the fortune-telling using a tortoiseshell, and used three kinds of treatment measure.
1.      The physical measure being friction, fumigation and Acupuncture Moxibustion, etc.
2.      The measure transferring a demon of the disease cause to other.
3.  The measure by incantation, or talisman, etc.
Clause 1 involves the administration of a medicine, and it also is an aim that an internal demon runs away because of pain of the drug.
Clause 2 used the dolls being made of grass.

治 療
一.     摩擦・燻蒸・鍼灸(針灸)などの物理的なもの。
二.     病気原因の悪霊を他の物体に乗り換えさせるもの。
三.     呪文・護符などによるもの。

Doll of straw

< 3. Doll of straw used for a curse in Japan >
< 3. 日本で呪詛のために使われた藁人形 >

When empirical science advanced in medical art, for the diagnosis, there was observation, observation with stethoscope, interview, pulse diagnosis, and palpation was adopted in some cases.
After, the pulse diagnosis was regarded as important, it was done in three places, and it was said that it was able to catch hundreds of characteristics.
Treatment measure was five methods of psychotherapy, dietary cure, drug therapy, whole body therapy, Acupuncture Moxibustion therapy.
Dental therapy was limited to being coated with medicines or drinking.
In the 2nd century B.C., a doctor left the first medical record.
Tua Tuo is a doctor who played an active part in the private sector in the 2nd century A.D. and he did open surgery with using anesthetic.
The anatomy did not develop, because Confucius forbade the profanity of the body.


Tua Tuo is a surgeon

< 4.  Tua Tuo is a surgeon
< 4.外科医、華陀 >

Human body meridians

< 5. "Human body meridians" shows the points that are stabbed with needle >
< 5.経路図は針を刺す位置を示している >

The history of peculiar Acupuncture of China is old, and acute bone for Acupuncture was excavated from remains of 5th millennium B.C.
At first, man broke a pustule with the sharp part of a stone, and emptied pus and blood.
From this treatment reducing swelling, the Acupuncture was developed.
Moxibustion seems to have been developed from the accidental healing experience of burn injury.


The purpose of this therapy is to discharge surplus yin and yang, it is to bring appropriate balance, and then it is said that can flow the outside energy into the body.
In Acupuncture therapy, the curer pricks the skin with a long needle till the constant depth at a certain place.
The curer pricks 365 energy centers along the meridians running on the surface of the body with the needle.
Human body meridians cover the body surface, and have a function to carry active vitality called “ Qi”.
For example, pricking a certain point of the earlobe with a needle treats an abdominal disease.
This therapy is said to be good for every sickness, debilitation, symptom, and, after it came to be used for anesthesia, too.


Moxibustion therapy is a cure to make a blister, by putting moxa (dried leaves of wormwood) on the skin small at energy centers same as the Acupuncture therapy and burning it.
Acupuncture Moxibustion therapy developed, but the development of the surgery is late, and drug treatment drinking as a decoction became central part of medical art.


 Tai chi chuan

< 5.  Tai chi chuan is performed in the morning in Chinese park >
< 5. 太極拳は中国の公園で早朝よく行われている >

In the Christian Era, Anma( Japanese massage) and Tai chi chuan later were born.
In the 11th century, Chinese medical art succeeded in immunity of the smallpox along with India.
It is to pour the dried powder made of a crust of the smallpox into a nostril with using a thin pipe.


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