Wednesday, January 29, 2014

History of sickness and medical art 19: Ancient Israel 5

 One scene of Exodus of the Torah (commandment)

< One scene of Exodus of the Torah (commandment) >

This time, it becomes a conclusion of ancient Israel.

Although there was no explanation of systematic structure of human body in the Bible, there was a thinking of dividing into three of soul, life principle, and flesh.
The name of organs was borrowed from Egypt, and heart was thought important similarly.
The law of rest day is coincident with a custom of Assyria that severely restricted the activity of the 7th day of a week.
In the Mesopotamia or Egypt, the cause of sickness that is not cured easily was a punishment of Gods, or work of various devil.
On the other hand, in Israel, it hinges on only absolute God all.
The foulness was considered to be a punishment of God by having violated the prohibition that you must not touch, instead of work of the devil that was reason of it.
The taboo of Mesopotamia to tell not to approach a sick person was considered to be punishment and foulness in the Old Testament, and the sick person came to be isolated strictly.
In due course, rather than depending on a punishment necessarily, the sickness came to be realized to be a trial that God gave. (From Job to the New Testament)



a miracle of Jesus 

< a miracle of Jesus 

I look how the Bible has dealt in a skin disease.

“And the priest shall look on him, and behold, the scab hath spread in the skin; then the priest shall pronounce him unclean: it is leprosy.”  Lev.13:8

“And he put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will be thou clean. And immediately the leprosy departed from him.”  Luke 5:13

"The person who watched lepers says, the true judgment of god comes to be celebrated. " the Talmud

Between Judaism (the Old Testament, the Talmud) and Christianity (the New Testament), the recognition to skin disease (a punishment of God) has a large difference.





Gospel of Luke

< Gospel of Luke >
According to the Talmud, the cause of disease depends on the imbalance of four body fluids, and it is based on a theory of Greece.
This will depend on having been a Jewish medical school in Alexandria city in the 4th century B.C.


Jews hold the Torah

< Jews hold the Torah 
The rule of health had to be conformed with the commandments rather than medical reason.
It had extended to every action, including a time and a place of the burial, the isolation of the sick person, the cleansing before the meal, the slaughter of the animal, and the cooking of the food.
There were many regulations to putrilage, fungus, skin disease, and especially blood.
In this way, the regulation of foulness and contraindications permeated widely.


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