Tuesday, January 14, 2014

History of sickness and medical art 18: Ancient Israel 4

 Michelangelo's David

< Michelangelo's David 

About 50 sorts of sicknesses are looked at in the Old Testament.
In surgical sickness, there was a giant’s malformation, a weakening of hand and foot of the muscle atrophy or the paralytic nerve, a defect of hand and foot, blindness, and deafness.
There were many cases of swelling or skin disease and there were smallpox, black plague, and leprosy.
In the circulatory organ, there were a heart attack, cerebral hemorrhage, and the headache that was thought to be the subarachnoid hemorrhage, too.
In other cases, there were lung disease, fever, gout, peritonitis, woman's illness, malaria, and dysentery, and then the eye disease are regarded as endemic disease.
In the psychiatry, there were the mental derangement and deafness that were possessed by an evil spirit.



< Talmud >

Medical treatment
The treatment of the doctor was doubtful, and the medical treatment with medicine appears in the Old Testament only 12 times.
Except the circumcision as the ceremony, the Bible hardly has referred to the surgery.
The midwife only encouraged and attended a pregnant woman.
Although Talmud had descriptions of medical treatment, most of them were based on a superstition.
I introduce a treatment of fever from Talmud.
"A sick person is sat on a crossroads. If the ant that is carrying the heavy burden on its back is seen, he catches and shakes the ant, and he shouts, "Your heavy burden is imposed on me and my heavy burden (fever) is imposed on you." "



a miracle of Jesus

< a miracle of Jesus  

However, there was revolutionary change in medical treatment.
Although it is called a miracle, it may be able to say that a psychological treatment started.

“ for I Jehovah thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, upon the third and upon the fourth generation of them that hate me.” Exodus 20:5
“If thou, Jehovah, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand?” Psalm 130:3
“Then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the tongue of the dumb shall sing.” Isaiah 35:6
“And he took him aside from the multitude privately, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spat, and touched his tongue.”
“And his ears were opened, and the bond of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke plain.” Mark 7:33,35






a expiation: Sacrifice of the lamb

< a expiation: Sacrifice of the lamb >
Into this undercurrent, I can read a change from God that gives a punishment (sickness) to God that gives a blessing (healing).
By repenting its sins, that is to say, because each person faces one's mind, they will be freed from their sickness.
Jesus rather gave a sinner (sick person) a blessing.
Although Gautama Buddha of India denied the expiation and the miracle also, the thing that he aimed was the same.
Many of ancient civilization developed the ceremony of the expiation, and the sin was not forgiven without the expiation.


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