＜ a rock art in Bhimbetka, two fighters have a shield and a sword ＞
This time, we look at primitive fine arts in India and Australian.
＜ a map of primitive fine arts、fine arts of glacial epoch were born in a red part, other primitive fine arts were born in No. 1～７. ＞
＜ map No.3, Bhimbetka hills in India Central Highlands ＞
In Bhimbetka hills,ｔhere are about three hundred of Rock Shelters that have mural paintings.
Its oldest fine arts were drawn in about 10,000 years ago. After that, it had been continuously drawn by indigenous people.
Some people say that there were the fine arts from about 30,000 years ago.
There were traces of early human activity in these ruins also.
Footprints of modern human in 75000 years ago were in southern India.
＜ two rock arts are thought of as a kind of the oldest thing in Bhimbetka. ＞
Upper image shows that a cow 1.6 m in length, the cow that is ousting a man, other man who put a hand on his waist, and thinly a crab on the left.
Lower image shows humped cattle.
The pictures of these oldest stages drew many big animals, for example a water buffalo, a cow, an elephant, etc., but almost never drew figure paintings.
The images were drawn with only outline or were buried by geometric pattern inside the outline.
The figure paintings were stylized simply, although the animal images were quite realistic.
Over the time, people drew person ride horse or elephant, battling by bow and spear, tinseled horse or elephant, dancing while beating drum, honeybee collection, and fishing.
＜ map No.4, Bradshaw in northwest Australia, mural paintings are in such rock shadow ＞
There are the oldest rock paintings of Australia in Kimberley of northwest Australia. It is supposed that there are 100,000 places or more.
Its oldest fine arts were drawn over 17,000 years ago. After that, it had been continuously drawn.
Some people say that there were the fine arts from about 43,000 years ago.
First modern human of Australia crossed the Timor strait that became to narrow at the glacial epoch in about 70,000 years ago.
＜ two rock arts were thought of as a kind of the oldest thing in Bradshaw. ＞
Upper image shows a four man canoe with upswept prow and stern. It possibly was the world’s oldest boat painting.
Lower image shows a herd of deer with splendid antler that lined in a row.
Deer of this kind have never lived in Australia, but had lived in Southeast Asia at the glacial epoch.
The people who finished the voyage possibly wrote it depending on own memory.
＜ a rock art of dancing persons in Bradshaw ＞
They wear various decorations to waist, ankle, and head, are dancing while wriggling body and arm.
It seems that the smiling face of dancing person is seen.
In India and Australia, drawing mural painting is beginning from 10000 to 20000 years ago, too.
It is not improbable that is beginning from 30000 to 40000 years ago depending on the case.
Next time, we will look at primitive fine arts in Japan and American.