Sunday, March 16, 2014

Travel to Turkey 2: Ephesus

a relief of Hadrian’s Temple

< 1.  a relief of Hadrian’s Temple >

I introduce ancient city Ephesus.
It prospered once as a harbor city facing the Aegean Sea.
The existing things are ruins of Roman Empire period after the 3rd century B.C.


When it became around the first millennium B.C., ancient Greek began to build harbor cities throughout the west coast of Turkey facing the Aegean Sea.
One of the oldest military conflicts with Greece was Trojan War. 
Prosperity of Ephesus began from when Greek emigrated in the 11th century B.C.
Then, Persia, Alexander the Great, and the Roman Empire ruled the city.
Before long, it received several invasions and was abandoned.


:  Izmir, shop,and flower 

< 2.  sceneries on the way:  Izmir, shop,and flower >
This photo is thing from Ayvalik to Ephesus.
Izmir is the third city of Turkey with a population of 2400000.


a reproduced image of Ephesus 

< 3.  a reproduced image of Ephesus >
Most of the colony of Greek was harbor cities that were surrounded with castle walls.
Trading with Greece mainland and the hinterland supported the economy of the city.
An order of Tour of inspection begins from the right side of above map.
The alphabet on the map shows the position of following photo.
Although a harbor looks small at the upper left of the map, it is 6000 meters away from the coastline now.

Baths of Varius, the 2nd century BC

< 4.  Baths of Varius, the 2nd century BC >

B: Basilica, C: Stage Agora 

< 5.  B: Basilica, C: Stage Agora  >
Basilica is the stone pavement and colonnade in right hand, and Agora is the open space that many stones have been scattered in.
This Agora was a public market.
These city remains is sandwiched in between the steep hill, and is in the valley.  
The back of the photo is a sea.


D: Odeon, the 2nd century AD

< 6.  D: Odeon, the 2ndcentury AD >
It could seat 1500 people and was used also as a conference place.
I climbed two amphitheaters in this trip, and was surprised at the steep slope of it.
I seem it was considered for the echo, but I was afraid of the stair.


E: Prytaneon, F: Temple of Domitian

< 7.  E: Prytaneon, F: Temple of Domitian >

Hercules Gate 

< 8.  G: Hercules Gate >
The Relief of two pillars is Hercules.

 Trajan’s Fountain, the 2nd century AD

< 9.  H: Trajan’s Fountain, the 2nd century AD >

 Curetes Street

< 10.  I: Curetes Street >
The back of the photo is a sea, and the front building of a library is visible at the end of the street.  

I introduce the second half of Ephesus and the Artemis shrine next time.



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