Tuesday, April 23, 2013

Birth of primitive art 15 : What did precede the primitive art ? part1

  Blombos Cave in South Africa

< Blombos Cave in South Africa. A cave entrance is right-hand mountain side.  modern human beings lived 100,000 years ago. 

Till last time, we looked at the primitive fine arts since 35000 years ago in the world.
Didn't human beings make fine arts during 5 million?
This time, I will approach this mystery.




The oldest figure 

< The oldest figure >
Fig. A, the figure was found in Israel, was made of a red stone between 700000 and 230000 years ago, and was 4 cm in height.

Fig. B, the figure was found in Morocco, was made of a quartz between 500000 and 300000 years ago, and was 6 cm in height. 
Red ocher had adhered to the surface.
Both are considered that primitive man made.

Ages ago, primitive man on the way of evolution was performing fine arts creation.



The oldest painting in Africa 

< The oldest painting in Africa >
This painting found at the Apollo 11 cave in Namibia is estimated to date from approximately 25,000–27,000 years ago. It is an animal figure drawn on the slate.

At the south end of Africa, the creation was performed nearly in parallel to the Europe glacial epoch fine arts.



something like fine arts  

< something like fine arts  >
Fig. A are the oldest bead made of many shells between 140000 and 100000 years ago, and were found in the cave in Israel.

Fig. B is an ocher found at Blombos Cave in South Africa. On its surface was the straight line pattern engraved, and it was made 75000 years ago.
In the cave where modern human beings were living, 8000 pieces and 12 sharpened crayons of ocher were found.
There were also brown and yellow colors of ocher, but the red was the most.
Ocher with the oldest used marks was found in Zambia in Africa, and was thing of 250,000 years ago.
Fig. C is a plate was found at Neanderthal ruins in Hungary, it was made of ivory at 250000 years ago. Red ocher had adhered to the surface.
It is considered that people was using at the ceremony over a long period of time.

What does the appearance of the bead, the plate, and the ocher mean?
This is concerned with "what is fine art?" deeply

The answer will be concerned with the relation of red color of ocher and human beings.




Burial and red color

< Burial and red color >

Fig.A is two small children's burial at 27000 years ago in Austria. Many red ochers was scattered there.   
In burial of Cro-Magnon after 37000 years ago, accessories attached to the dead and ocher was scattered on it.
Although Neanderthal was burying after 70,000 years ago, the dead that was painted with red pigments is seen in various area of Europe.
Ocher was used also with many pictures in every area of the earth.
Fig.B is the inner room of an ancient tomb in Japan at 5th century, and it is also painted in red.
This red was made from mercury and sulfur.

Since time began, the red color had an important meaning in every corner of the earth.

Next time, I want to explain this meaning.





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