Friday, April 26, 2013

Birth of primitive art 16: What did precede the primitive art? Part2

The Himba woman in northern Namibia 

< The Himba woman in northern Namibia >

Last time, we looked at the oldest fine arts and the ocher that were used abundantly over the world.
Using the red selectively has concerned with the creation of fine arts.
This time, I will consider this.

The Himba woman has covered their body and hair with red ocher that dissolved with oil.
This is not only sunscreen, but also the female beauty that has symbolized blood color of life.



the ancient architecture in China, Japan, and South Korea

  the ancient architecture in China, Japan, and South Korea >

The ancient architecture in East Asia was almost red color.
Fig. A is the oldest Buddhist temple in Luoyang, China (the 1st century).
Fig. B is a gate of Heian Jingu in Kyoto and was reproduce a part of Heiankyo of the 8th century.
Fig. C is a tower of the Buddhist temple in Koyasan, Japan.
Fig. D is a gate of the detached palace of the 15th century in Seoul, South Korean.

At present, although many of temples of the ancient city were fading, they were shining with vermilion at when they were built.
Since ancient times, the appearance of the king's palace, the shrine, and the temple in East Asia was applied red.



Left side, a Ryukyu king is standing in front Shuri Castle. Right Side, Buddha Amida was painted in Tibet. 

< Left side, a Ryukyu king is standing in front Shuri Castle. Right Side, Buddha Amida was painted in Tibet. >

In Asia, the red had an important meaning.
Ryukyu Dynasty was the style of China as same as Korean Peninsula.
The dress for courtesy in three nations was the same crimson.
In Buddhism, the body color of the highest Buddha Amida was red.
The red color symbolizes authority and dignityAnd it gives people an idea of great benefit.


Red color in Europe, Egypt, and South America 

< Red color in Europe, Egypt, and South America >

On other continents, what is the red role?
Fig. A is a room of the Palace of Knossos in Crete (around the BC 19th century).
It was rare to apply red color to building in Europe.
Fig. B is Seth God in ancient Egypt, and its body color is red that means the calamity.
Fig. C is a Mass of martyrdom by the priest with red vestment.
In Christianity, although the red color meant the love, yet it more meant the evil and the sacrifice.
Fig. D is the female doll that was decorated with red for sacrifice in Inca Empire.
Probably, latter three were emphasized the minus images of the scorching sun or blood.


What do the red color mean?
Since ancient times, the red color was strongly concerned with good luck, disaster, love, and authority (sacredness) around the world.
It changed by the cultural sphere or the religion little by little.
The meaning of red was probably separated to two, because the people that lived in Middle East of dry climate or in Asia of moistness climate had the difference in the consciousness to the sun.
Even so, because it has a meaning that originates a long time ago, the red color has still continued to give strong impact.


We look back the evolution a little.
All from insect to primates, when it has been born, it has the smell (sexual pheromone), taste, and vision image (snake) that stir up a feeling of likes and dislikes.
A scholar says, “the reason that human beings have feeling special to red originates in having asked for fruits ripe of red color on tree.” 
The period from birth of the primates is 60 million years.


What is art?
The primitive man came to use the red color selectively, probably, because it had satisfied their comfortable feelings.
The revolutionary change occurred in that time, because the ability of associating some imagery and expressing the imagery was being born in their brain.

They had associated some imagery with the law of causality that they thought. Then they expressed it. It will give them a pleasant sensation and a sense of relief, and might had induced art.

At that time, if there was dense group society, the art was born at a breath, and the culture grew.

It produced the necklace, the Venus, the statues of lion man, flutes, and many rock arts of game animal.

Next time, I look at other mysteries hidden in primitive fine arts.






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