Sunday, September 16, 2012

Birth of primitive art 2: Opening of glacial epoch fine arts

A female head, France, Venus of Brassempouy

Movable property fine arts appeared suddenly in frigid Europe.

We see about the typical Venus statue.



A valley of the Chauvet Cave

< A valley of the Chauvet Cave >

The ruins map, glacial epoch, Europe, 10,000 ~40,000 years ago

< The ruins map of glacial epoch Europe, 10,000 40,000 years ago >

Many of the cave paintings were painted inside of the limestone cave that sunlight doesn’t reach.

Many of the caves were in the ravine.

They were near by the way that the reindeer carries out seasonal migration.

Many animals drank water at the nearby place.

People hunted these animals, fished or collected, and lived on the entrance of a cave and a rock shadow.

From 3 million years ago, the glacial epoch began and it was most cool from 120000 years ago to 40000 years ago.

Northern Europe and the Alps were covered with the glacier at this time.

Since a sea surface lowered, there was no sea between England and Scandinavian Peninsula.

The areas other than the prairie zone in the Mediterranean and the glacier were covered with ice and snow (step, tundra), and the mammoth was walking there in winter.







Venus, Dolní Věstonice 、Willendorf、nebra
 < Venus statue >
Fig.1: Czechoslovakia, 29000 years ago, a calcination clay, 11 cm height
Fig.2: Germany, 25000 years ago, a limestone, 11 cm height  
Fig.3: Germany, 15000 years ago, a horn, 610 cm height  

First, Movable property fine arts appeared first and a group of the Venus statue of them is impressive.

The statues of about 60 were excavated in the large area from France in the west to eastern Russia in the east.

The oldest thing is the female statue group made from ivory about 35000 years ago.

It has the common feature with a big breast and abdomen, and its height is from 6 to 15 cm.

Fig. 1, the Venus statue has a special meaning. From these ruins, many calcination clay images some animal and ball is also found.

A remarkable point is that they are the products made from clay calcinated at low temperature, therefore it hints at the forerunner of making earthenware.

This probably shows that the life changed from continuation of movement to seasonal stay.

Fig. 2, the Venus statue emphasizes a buttock, an abdomen, and a breast with a typical spindle type, and although the face is omitted, it displays the private parts.

This is associated with a hand ax of stone tool and the symmetrical design is beauty.

They emphasized the generative functions. This reason probably was that they associated the childbirth with the fertility.

This became a forerunner of many symbols on the world.

The female head image made from ivory was found in a cave about 25000 years ago (the first Fig.).

Although the mouth is omitted, its eyes and the nose are clarity, and it is covered with the hair or a hood.

図1: チェコ、29000年前、焼成粘土、高さ11cm。
図2: ドイツ、25000年前、石灰岩、高さ11cm。
図3: ドイツ、15000年前、角、高さ6~10cm。












Venus, Laussel, France, Relief

< Relief of Venus, France,25000 years ago, a limestone wall, 44 cm height >

The same time as this, the relief of Venus was discovered in a rock shadow of the valley near famous Lascaux Cave.

It had a horn of a bison in one hand.

The red ground (Ocher) is applied to that surface.

There are 13 ruled lines in the horn, and I think that it is a calendar or some days.

Fig. 3, a female statue made from the reindeer horn at 15000 years ago in northeast Germany.

This statue became last female image and they weren’t made again.

This emphasizes a buttock and is a simple design with the cylindrical upper half of the body.

I seems that this was the pendant or putting in the bag.

In this way the female statues of origin fine arts came into the world

Through the time of 20,000 years, it became simple carrying arts from the precious thing that emphasizes fertility.

Probably, they had the value as accessories or fetish.







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