Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Go around the world of Buddha statues 4:  Buddha statue of Asia 1

 Great Buddha of Kamakura, Japan, the 13th century

< Great Buddha of Kamakura, Japan, the 13th century  

I introduce representative Buddha statues of Asia in twice.
The Buddha statue began to be made from about the 1st century in India, and spread in East Asia and Southeast Asia.
The Buddha statue comes to have a characteristic style before long in each place.


< Asia map

The Buddhism of each country was affected by the intention of the dynasty, their own culture, and the competition with other religion.
In East Asia, Buddhism and Confucianism mainly competed.
In south and Southeast Asia, Islam and Hinduism competed with Buddhism
Furthermore, the difference between Mahayanist Buddhism and Hinayana Buddhism brought the difference between Buddha statues of East Asia and Southeast Asia.

I chose best one from a multitude of Buddha statues of each country and introduce it to you.
Buddhism died out in some countries, and the temples and the Buddha statues became inheritances.
I intend to choose the Buddha statues of when the Buddhism of each country has been the best days.



Great Buddha of Kamakura, Japan, the 13th century

 Great Buddha of Kamakura, Japan, the 13th century 

The Buddhism was born in India, but it began to decline from when Hinduism became the state religion.
Furthermore it was thoroughly destroyed and oppressed by Islamic influence in the 13th century, and almost disappeared.


Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka, the 12 th century  

 Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka, the 12 th century  

Although Buddhism already had been introduced into here in the third century BC, making Buddha statues became the 4th century.
It was late like India in where the stupa preceded the Buddha statue for several centuries.
Buddhism was protected by the dynasty from generation to generation, and became a leader of Southeast Asia as for Hinayana Buddhism at the 12-13th century.
This Buddha statue is a thing in the days of the golden age.
The most popular religion is Hinayana Buddhism still now.


Longmen Grottoes, China, the 7th century 

< Longmen Grottoes,China, the 7th century >

The Buddha statue production of China was transmitted from Silk Road, began in the 4th century, prospered in the 8th century, and still is continuing.
This Buddha statue was the same type as Great Buddha of Nara that would be built after five decades.
The religion was prohibited by Communist Party nation birth, but the most popular religion has no change besides Buddhism.


Sokkuram Grotto, South Korea, the 8th century  

 Sokkuram Grotto, South Korea, the 8th century  

The Buddha statue of the Korean Peninsula was built from around the 5th century, and developed.
However, since the last Korean dynasty made Confucianism the state religion and oppressed Buddhism at the end of the 14th century, the vigor of the Buddha statue was lost.
This Buddha statue reminds us of former times, but the most popular religion continues being Buddhism still now.

On the next time, I introduce Buddha statues of Southeast Asia to you.



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