Tuesday, November 20, 2012

Misunderstanding of war 10: Uncivilized war

 アフリカの牛牧畜民,cattle herder of Africa

< cattle herder of AfricaThey are not the people of this article. >

We have so far seen a large-scale war.

There, soldiers' face cannot be seen, and complicated social circumstances twined around the war
We are hard to see the actual condition of war.

This time, we look at small-scale war and some uncivilized wars. Feeling and a desire have come out plainly there.




We look at some Wars of people of a preliterate society who live in the savanna in Africa and the jungle in New Guinea or South America.

The cattle herders of African savanna sometimes cause war of cow pillage.

If serious dryness come every about 20 years, there were that the number of cow in a village will decrease sharply.

Then, the villager asks an attacked village to a shaman and according to the fortune-telling, tens of adult men sortie with a spear.

The village is attacked, all cows in the village are pillaged, and almost all village people are massacred.






 ニューギニア先住民、indigenous people in New Guinea

< indigenous people in New Guinea, They are not the people of this article.

We look at the War of the Marine people who perform slash-and-burn and breeding of a pig in the New Guinea highland. The scale of a village is hundreds.

Poaching, theft of crops, and a woman's kidnapping happen between villages, and if the dissatisfaction accumulates, it becomes war soon.

At first, the men have a pavis and a bow and arrows and gather.

They line up side by side and confront each village's member within gunshot distance, and the arrow of each other is shot. This is repeated during several weeks.

When they have not a settlement yet, they construct a row with a spear or an ax, and do a duel with one-on-one from the front, and one by one each goes a back of the row.

This may continue several months. And an armistice may be concluded for field labor.

The stage bring more deaths is an attack. A village is attacked, fire is released and a villager is slaughtered indiscriminately.

The surviving villager flees. The house and field of the village are destroyed thoroughly and a cemetery is soiled.








 ヤノマミ族,Yanomami people

< Yanomami people

They live in the jungle with slash-and-burn and hunting and gathering in Brazil.

The village was usually connected with trade.

Occasionally, a banquet is performed and the village in alliance is invited.

A trouble may happen by the dissatisfaction of food or a present, etc., and it may develop into "a duel of striking each breast."

In front of everybody, each men go an open space from both sides, a man hold both arms behind one's back, and projected his breast.

A man knocks a rival breast by his fist at full power. This is performed until either falls down. There are not the dead.

Subsequently, there is "battle of a heavy stick."

Two men alternately knock each head with a heavy stick about 3 m length.

Since one side carries out bloodshed and falls down, both sides start to battle. If there is the death, it will develop into "an attack."

If it is a case of other villages, about ten persons' party will waylay on outskirts of the village at midnight. The raiding party kills one person, and withdraws quickly.

War of the last stage is " a deceptive attack".  They fake out the enemy and invite them to a banquet.

These indigenous people's war is old and is not in present time.











In this way, when we look at war of a primitive society, there are some common features.

A.     The beginning war is formalized, and there are little casualties and damage.

B.     However, when casualties come out, it may escalate.

C.     If it escalates, a brake will not be effective against slaughter or pillage.

D.     The men become violent in the society where the battle is becoming commonplace.  

Human beings have accumulated the culture that reduces theft, homicide and revenge, etc. leading to a conflict.

We experienced both the great wars in the 20th century, and did we study the devices for reducing the war?








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